Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been actively involved in research to formalize the engineering principles and best practices behind emerging Web 2.0 concepts. These concepts are used to solve real-time data-sharing problems for national security and defense, public health and safety, environmental and infrastructure awareness, and emergency preparedness and response. The popularity of Web 2.0 and social media sometimes disguises the profound change that is occurring in the way we share information. The emergence of social media, in particular, signifies a major democratization of the way we get and share information.
As the use of Web sites such as Facebook, YouTube, Wikipedia, and Twitter grows, first responders, public safety officials, and researchers are implementing their own homegrown solutions using these social networking Web sites to share data and collaborate with other users.
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